B15. Atrial Fibrillation 2. St Emlyn’s ECG Library

stemlyns, ECG Library, #FOAMed, St. Emlyn’s ECG Library. http://www.stemlynsblog.org/ecg-library/ AF Atrial Fibrillation

History

The EGG was recorded from a 33 year old woman with a history of repeated self limiting attacks of atrial fibrillation. Mitral valve prolapse had been diagnosed from the clinical features of a late systolic murmur associated with a mid systolic click, and this had been confirmed echocardiographically. She was taking Sotalol (a class 3 antiarrhythmic agent which has beta blocking activity) in an attempt to limit the frequency andseverity of the attacks.

ECG

Rhythm: No recognizable P waves or other form ofco-ordinated atrial activity is seen in any lead. The baseline is irregular and chaotic atrial activity is best seen in lead VI where a waveform irregular in both amplitude and frequency is recorded. The QRS complexes are irregular, the R – R intervals vary unpredictably. There is no recognizable relationship between the QRS complexes and atrial activity:atrial fibrillation is present.

Morphology: The QRS waves ST segments and T waves are normal.

Comment

Mitral valve prolapse is a common condition and is often associated with arrhythmias. The Sotalol that she was takinghas not prevented this attack but has slowed the ventricularrate to 78 per minute- slower than would be expected without treatment.

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